This research proves it!
No it doesn’t.
What it proves is that you are watching the clock not the output. “Being on the clock” while working remotely is the very opposite of what mature work-from-anywhere cultures look like.
The most successful remote work organizations, employing thousands of people, have one thing in common:
They prioritize asynchronous working above synchronous working.
For example, here is how GitLab approaches “being on the clock.”
“We care about what you achieve: the code you shipped, the user you made happy, and the team member you helped. Someone who took the afternoon off shouldn’t feel like they did something wrong. You don’t have to defend how you spend your day. We trust team members to do the right thing instead of having rigid rules. Do not incite competition by proclaiming how many hours you worked yesterday. If you are working too many hours, talk to your manager to discuss solutions.”GitLab – Results